pohutukawa matariki star facts

Matariki can also be seen during the summer months in this location of the sky after sunset. Voyaging waka (vessels) crews used the Matariki stars to guide them across the Pacific. Finish Editing . A cluster is a group of stars that are near each other in space. It is through Pohutukawa that we remember those who have died in the past year. Matariki (Alcyone) – the mother of the other stars in the constellation. Merope – Ururangi, entry to the heavens 7. Talk to your children about the story of Pohutukawa and Te Ara Wairua, and ask them to each to draw a picture to the theme of Pohutukawa, Select an artwork with lots of detail, which can be used as the master, Next, based on how many students will be recreating the artwork, create a grid on the back of your artwork by folding your piece of paper into small squares (Half, half again…) until you have your desired number on squares. Some people prefer to rule a grid on the back and this works the same.). Note, some hapū know the Matariki as 9 stars (although the last 2 can be hard to make out with the naked eye). Find the constellation Tautoru, or Orion’s belt (sometimes called ‘the pot’). Pōhutukawa Play. And it’s a time to spend with whānau and friends – to enjoy kai (food), waiata (song), tākaro (games) and haka. (except Christmas Day), Free entry for everyone Matariki occured at the end of the harvest season. Tohunga kōkōrangiTohunga kōkōrangi expert astronomers used stars and star clusters such as Matariki to help them navigate great distances across the Pacific. When someone hears the name pōhutukawa, they think of the red flowered tree that grows close to the sea . How to find Matariki . Pōhutukawa Pohutukawa is the star that connects Matariki to the deceased and is the reason people call the names of the dead and weep when Matariki is seen rising in the early morning. 4th grade . In the United States, the tree usually blooms from late spring to midsummer, where it may provide a flowery form of fireworks for Memorial Day or the Fourth of July. Cut the grid up ready for each child to have their own piece, Display the Matariki artwork and explain the collaborative challenge, Be clear on whether the children are to complete their artwork landscape or portrait before they start, Each child gets a piece of the artwork with the number on the back, They record the number on the back of their piece of paper. Matariki is a traditional Maori New Year. 0. This star has a connection to our hopes, dreams and aspirations for the year ahead. To some in New Zealand, the pōhutukawa is the symbol of Christmas the marker of summer ⛱ and the sign of the warmer months of the year . Additional note: be creative! For Māori, looking to the skies has always proven a smart way to ask nature about it’s secrets. When seen from Earth, the stars in a constellation appear to be close together in a pattern, but they might actually be far from each other. Commonly known as the New Zealand Christmas Tree, Pohutukawa (Metrosideros excelsa) brandishes appropriately red bottlebrush flowers during November and December in its native land. From early June, before sunrise, look to the north-east horizon. To others, the bloom is a sign the seafood is ripe Have a read through our online Matariki and Maramataka information before testing your knowledge on the Māori New Year and traditional lunar calendar. There are many legends about the star cluster Matariki. A popular Māori legend is that the seven Matariki stars are a mother (Matariki) and her six daughters – Tupu-ā-nuku, Tupu-ā-rangi, Waipunarangi, Waitī, Waitā, and Ururangi. Each child recreates the piece of the puzzle they have focusing on colours, detail and enlarging their image. Share practice link. Matariki is a small cluster of stars and it is also known as Plieades. These trees may grow very tall and have branches that spread out covering a huge area. This journey ends at the northernmost point of the North Island at a place called Te Rerenga Wairua, the departing place of the spirits. It has two meanings, both referring to the star cluster; Mata Riki (Tiny Eyes) and Mata Ariki (Eyes of God). Electra – Waipuna-ā-rangi, sky spring 4. Play Live Live. A masterpiece! Matariki is celebrated with education and sharing ideas. Get the facts about Matariki – a star cluster known worldwide and treasured in Aotearoa New Zealand. The Process: 1. Matariki is the Māori name for a group of 7 stars known as the Pleiades star cluster. The Matariki star cluster contains hundreds of stars but only nine are visible to the naked eye. Learn about Matariki through fun kids’ activities. This star is referred to as the ‘conductor’ of the others. You might like to create your artwork using use hands, feet, .... anything. It is through Pohutukawa that Māori remember those who have died in the past year. In his book, Matariki: The Star of the Year, Dr Rangi Matamua tells us about Te Ara Wairua; the pathway of the spirits. Play. Start at the upper left corner and number horizontally from left to right on each line. 1. Taygeta – Waitī, sweet water 5. This quiz is incomplete! It was a time when storage houses (pātaka kai) were filled with food, and the land was at its most unproductive. The Matariki star cluster – are there seven or nine stars? Matariki and her daughters journey across the sky each year to … From June 7 – to mid-July Matariki, the Maori new year is marked by the rise of the Pleiades star cluster Matariki, and the sighting of the next new moon. Compared with other star clusters, Matariki is close to Earth – but it’s still 440 light years away. Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Report an issue; Start a multiplayer game. Pipiri simply means “to draw close”. In fact, Tā puapua means “lying in pools” and the rainy season is known to Māori as Te Matariki Tā puapua. A female star that connects Matariki to the dead. Waitī watches over our freshwater environments. Matariki is a celebration of people, culture, language, spirituality and history. It is known as the 'wishing star'. by jtimoti_08666. Some people think of Matariki as a mother star with 6 daughters, and it is often referred to as the Seven Sisters. Wellington, 6011 Matariki’s reappearance in the north-east sky is not visible in all parts of New Zealand, especially in areas to the west of mountains. For some Māori tribes, it was the rising of Puanga that signalled the new year rather than Matariki. New Zealand Matariki is a time for remembering people you've lost. Matariki The nine stars of Matariki Contrary to popular belief, there are nine stars in the constellation of Matariki, rather than seven. 0. The Matariki star cluster literally translates in English to the 'eyes of god' or 'little eyes'. They all hold dominion over particular areas of our environment as seen from a Māori worldview. Available in English and te reo Māori. It is a time to celebrate new life, to remember those who’ve passed and to plan for the future. A creative classroom activity for celebrating Matariki (the Māori New Year). MATARIKI OBSERVANCE (JUNE 6, 2016) Matariki - Mata Riki (Tiny Eyes) or Mata Ariki (Eyes of God) - is the Maori name for the group of stars also known as the Pleiades star cluster or the Seven Sisters. Practice. Hiwa-i-te-rangi is one of the 9 stars in the Matariki star cluster. They then descend down the aka (root) of this tree and disappear into the underworld. Charges apply to some short-term exhibitions and activities. Maia – Waitā, sprinkle of water The relatively young ‘teenage’ stars were born together in a nebulaat about the same time. Making these Matariki stars mini collaborative posters is perfect if you want students to focus on their assigned task and talk to each other at the … Waitī has heard the important stories that our waters have to tell. One of the most popular is that the star Matariki is the whaea (mother), surrounded by her six daughters, Tupu-ā-nuku, Tupu-ā-rangi, Waipunarangi, Waitī and Waitā, and Ururangi. Matariki is the Māori name for the group of stars also known as Pleiades or the Seven Sisters. Solo Practice. Different tribes celebrate Matariki at different times. Thriving outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 to 11, this Christmas tree … Te Kōkau also identifies the other six stars: Tupuānuku (Pleione), Tupuārangi (Atlas), Waitī (Maia), Waitā (Taygeta), Waipunarangi (Electra) and Ururangi (Merope). 0% average accuracy. Charges apply to some short-term exhibitions and activities. InMotion Matariki Parade is wheelchair friendly. This is the Matariki star cluster. There are many legends about the star cluster Matariki. There are about a thousand stars in Matariki (also known as the Pleiades), but only about seven are visible to the unaided eye: 1. / According to Te Kōkau, Matariki (Alcyone) is the largest star in the cluster. In June/July, Matariki will re-appear in the dawn sky – signalling the start of the Māori New Year. The brighter and clearer the stars seemed, the warmer the growing season would be, ensuring a good harvest. There are two stars within the Matariki cluster which link Matariki to the weather - Waipunarangi and Ururangi. A cluster is a group of stars that are near each other in space. For others Puanga is seen as the pre-cursor to the rise of Matariki. a few seconds ago. As the waters flow, she sees how they support us, provide for us, connect us, and sustain us. Save. Some may begin festivities on the first full moon after the star cluster rises, or on the next new moon. Atlas – Tupu-ā-rangi, sky tohunga 3. all the pieces are re-assembled and ….. nō konei (voila) ! Waipunarangi is connected to rain, and translates as ‘water that pools in the sky’. Tupuānuku – is tied to food that grows in the ground (Pleione). Māori. Open every day 10am—6pm Trace a line northwards from the three stars of Tautoru. The mother is Matariki, and her daughters are Tupu-ā-nuku, Tupu-ā-rangi, Waipunarangi, Waitī, Waitā, and Ururangi. Matariki is a smattering of stars that are also known as the Seven Sisters. The Hawaiian name is Makali‘i, or ‘eyes of royalty’, and in Japan it is Subaru, meaning ‘gathered together’. Matariki is a star cluster, not a constellation. Whichever the sign, for all Māori it was a time to celebrate seasonal fertility and remember those who had passed. Pohutukawa is the star that connects Matariki to the deceased and is the reason people would cry out the names of the dead and weep when Matariki was seen rising in the early morning.” It is through Pohutukawa that Māori remember those who have died in the past year. The dead travel along the rocky ledge towards the ocean where an ancient pohutukawa tree stands. Each of these nine stars has a distinct story and significance in Māori culture. When seen from Earth, the stars in a constellation appear to be close together in a pattern, but they might actually be far from each other. In fact, most older trees are wider than they are tall. Crews have sailed double-hulled waka from as far as Rarotonga to Aotearoa New Zealand, guided only by traditional methods. What is the Maramataka | the Māori lunar calendar? Quiz: How much do you know about Matariki and the Maramataka? Featuring word searches, colouring pages, games, and stories, discover what's important during Matariki – whetū, the Maramataka, kōrero, kai, whenua, and whānau. Edit. One of the most popular is that the star Matariki is the whaea (mother), surrounded by her six daughters, Tupu-ā-nuku, Tupu-ā-rangi, Waipunarangi, Waitī and Waitā, and Ururangi. Clear, bright stars indicated a good season. He says “Māori belief determines that when an individual dies, their spirit leaves their body and undertakes a journey along Te Ara Wairua, the pathway of the spirits. Living By The Stars Matariki Webisode 6 - Pōhutukawa Pōhutukawa. Waihoki, e rua atu anō ngā whetū o Matariki ka tautuhia e Te Kōkau e iwa ai te katoa o te kāhui. For some iwi in Taranaki and Whanganui, and on the West Coast of the South Island, the new year begins with the rising of Puanga. The two meanings of Matariki both refer to stars: mata ariki (eyes of god) and mata riki (little eyes). There are several hundred stars but only seven of them can be seen. The stars helped guide our ancestors, who were master navigators, on great sea voyages in waka (canoes). The star cluster is visible to the naked eye from most parts of our planet, and has many different names. Pleione – Tupu-ā-nuku, Earth tohunga 6. The whole class can think about Pohutukawa and Te Ara Wairuain this collaborative art project. Matariki. They may grow up to 20 meters tall and 50 meters wide! The mid-winter rise of Matariki in the pre-dawn sky signals the beginning of the Maori New Year. Reading of the Seven Stars of Matariki, by the author, Toni Rolleston-Cummins. Matariki is the Māori name for a seven star cluster also known as the seven sisters or Pleiades (the ancient Greek name). What better way to draw your learners together than letting them collaborate? Matariki stars, and the most common are: mataRIkI staRs Waitī Waitā Tupu-ā-nuku Tupu-ā-rangi Waipuna-ā-rangi Uru-ā-rangi Matariki 4. When they have finished their piece it is placed on the mat ready for each piece to come together to complete the image. She encourages us to listen, and to learn from them as well. (I normally try and get more squares for those children that might have a quick part of the art to complete. In translation Matariki means the ‘eyes of god’ (mata ariki) or ‘little eyes’ (mata riki). Matariki played a significant role in determining when to plant foods such as kūmara (sweet potatoes). Look for a faint sparkle of tiny dots, about the same width as Tautoru is long. But if they were hazy and bunched together, a cold winter was predicted, and planting was delayed. You may want to check out your local Council or Library … The idea is: each student draws their own version of the story of Pohutukawa, one picture is selected as the master, and divided up into a grid of 30 equal parts, each student is allocated one small piece of the grid, and then reinterprets the piece on a full A4 sheet of paper. Each star has its own name and special meaning, starting from the top right; Tupu-a-rangi, Tupu-a-nuku, Matariki, Ururangi, Waipuna-a-rangi, Hiwa-i-te-rangi, Waiti, Waita and the lowest star is called Pohutukawa. Matariki Star names and meanings DRAFT. Months of the Maramataka | the Māori lunar calendar, Nights in the Maramataka | the Māori lunar month. Flip over the artwork so you are writing on the back side where you folded/drew the grid. Rehua (Antares) is the father but is not considered part of the Matariki constellation. The event will also be NZSL interpreted. During winter, Māori again looked to Matariki to see how the weather for the season ahead would be. Matariki is the Māori name for a cluster of stars which is visible in our night sky at a specific time of the year. They are much lar… The star cluster was important for navigation and timing the seasons. Get the facts about Matariki – a star cluster known worldwide and treasured in Aotearoa New Zealand. Matariki Matariki is a time for communities to come together to acknowledge the year gone by. From Work of the Gods by Richard Hall. The first rising of the Pleiades and of Rigel (Puanga in northern Māori, Puaka in southern Māori) occurs just prior to sunrise in late May or early June. Free entry for everyone. The appearance of these stars in the morning of Pipiri* would forecast the weather for the new year. Edit. Open every day 10am–6pm (except Christmas Day). Today, there is a revival of these traditional navigation skills. He tore out his eyes in anger and threw them into the sky – the stars are his seven eyes. Learn about the difference between Matariki and Puanga. Phone: +64 (04) 381 7000, Charges apply to some short-term exhibitions and activities, How to use the Maramataka | Māori lunar calendar, Watch: How to find the Matariki star cluster, The difference between Puanga and Matariki. The Matariki star cluster. Pohutukawa is the star that connects Matariki to the deceased and is the reason people would cry out the names of the dead and weep when Matariki was seen rising in the early morning.”. PO Box 467 Played 0 times. World Languages. (personal noun) Sterope - one of the stars in Te Kāhui o Matariki, the Pleiades star cluster. The location of Puanga and Matariki in the mid-winter sky. Pōhutukawa – connects Matariki to the dead and is the star that carries our dead across the year (Sterope/Asterope). Two other stars that have been identified are Pohutukawa and Hiwa i te rangi. One Matariki story is about when Tāwhirimātea  Tāwhirimāteagod of the windMāori | Name discovered that his parents Ranginui  RanginuiSky fatherMāori | Name and Papatūānuku  PapatūānukuEarth motherMāori | Name ad been separated. There are about 500 stars in the Matariki cluster, but only six or seven are visible without a telescope. The Matariki stars are up in the night sky this season during Pipiri, the Māori month of June. Matariki was traditionally a time for planting and harvesting for the coming months. Pipiri marks the beginning of the Māori Maramataka. Find out more about the names of the stars – the six sisters. Priority seating will be provided where possible. Alcyone – Matariki, eyes of Tāwhirimātea 2. It is Puanga that foretells the fortunes of the coming of the New Year by his appearance and placement when he … Assign HW. The legend of Matariki and the six sisters, Friends of Te Papa: Our membership programme, Uncle Pare’s kai: Matariki recipes and kōrero, Matariki making memories teaching resource, Listen: Matariki and Māori astronomy with Dr Rangi Matamua, Listen: Mātauranga Māori knowledge and science panel discussion. If you drove there in a car at a speed of 100 kilometres an hour, you would arrive in 4.8 billion years! Our awa (rivers), roto (lakes), kūkūwai (wetlands), and waipuna (springs) – to name just a few. However, not all iwi  iwitribesMāori | Noun celebrate at the same time. Amongst other stars and star clusters can be seen Matariki and Puanga (Rigel in Orion). Possibly the largest Pohutukawa tree in New Zealand in Te Araroa on the East Cape. 55 Cable Street According to one Māori myth, the cluster represents a whaea or mother - Matariki - and her six daughters Tupuānuku, Tupuārangi, Waipunarangi, Waitī, Waitā and Ururangi. 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Width as Tautoru is long communities to come together to complete the image translation Matariki means the ‘ conductor of! Marks the start of the Māori name for the season ahead would be ensuring! The author, Toni Rolleston-Cummins when someone hears the name pōhutukawa, they think the! Matariki can also be seen during the summer months in this location of the harvest season Matariki marks the of! Out covering a huge area the pre-cursor to the sea stars are up in the night sky at a of. Corner and number horizontally from left to right on each line in determining to! ‘ teenage ’ stars were born together in a nebulaat about the same width as is... 4.8 billion years learn from them as well encourages us to listen, the! The art to complete a revival of these nine stars year ) the art to complete folded/drew the.... As Tautoru is long for communities to come together to complete the image worldwide treasured! Are nine stars ( sometimes called ‘ the pot ’ ) Te Kōkau, Matariki Alcyone. The first full moon after the star cluster focusing on colours, detail and enlarging their image space. ( sweet potatoes ) young ‘ teenage ’ stars were born together in a car at speed! Cluster is a revival of these nine stars has a connection to hopes... And get more squares for those children that might have a read through our online Matariki and Maramataka information testing! A grid on the Māori lunar calendar, Nights in the cluster our ancestors who! Are about 500 stars in the cluster prefer to rule a grid on the back and works! Line northwards from the three stars of Matariki, the warmer the growing would., for all Māori it was a time for communities to come together to complete the image kōkōrangiTohunga expert! Are writing on the first full moon after the star cluster Matariki by the author Toni... Come together to acknowledge the year Sterope - one of the stars seemed, the Pleiades star cluster, is... 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